Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 provides that ―No otherwise qualified individual with a disability in the United States…shall, solely by reason of her or his disability, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal assistance... Authority: 20 U.S.C. 794
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) prohibits discrimination and ensures equal opportunity for persons with disabilities in employment, state and local government services, public accommodations, commercial facilities, and transportation. The current text of the ADA includes changes made by the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-325), which became effective on January 1, 2009.
A student can be referred for a Section 504/ADA evaluation by the parent or school personnel. All parent requests and school referrals for Section 504/ADA support are facilitated by the campus Intervention Assistance Teams (IAT). To be eligible under Section 504/ADA, a student must be determined to:
- Have a physical or mental impairment.
- The physical or mental impairment must limit one or more major life activities.
- The impact of the physical or mental impairment must be substantial.
Once a student is determined eligible for Section 504/ADA, accommodations are provided to mitigate the student’s impairment so that the student can participate in academic and extra-curricular activities.